Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation (Policies)

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Principles of Consolidation
Global Brass and Copper Holdings, Inc. (“Holdings,” “GBC,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) is operated and managed through three reportable segments: Olin Brass, Chase Brass and A.J. Oster.
These unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, our wholly-owned subsidiaries, and our majority-owned subsidiaries in which we have a controlling interest. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited, interim consolidated financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to fairly state the results for the interim periods presented. The December 31, 2017 consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). Certain information and disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed or omitted.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. In addition, it requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of net sales and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.
Recently Issued and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Issued and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU“) 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service. ASU 2018-15 provides guidance on capitalizing hosting arrangement implementation costs and recognizing and presenting the expense and payments related to capitalized implementation costs for hosting arrangements in our financial statements. The provisions of ASU 2018-15 are effective for fiscal years, and interim reporting periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted and the provisions are to be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. This ASU provides new guidance about the income statement classification of and eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness. The entire change in fair value for qualifying hedge instruments included in the effectiveness will be recorded in other comprehensive income (“OCI”) and amounts deferred in OCI will be reclassified to earnings in the same income statement line item in which the earnings effect of the hedged item is reported. We early adopted this guidance on May 25, 2018 upon entering into an interest rate swap agreement. The adoption of this standard did not impact our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the definition of a business, which clarifies the definition of a business and assists entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. Under this guidance, when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset (or group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business. In addition, in order to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include at a minimum an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create an output. The amended guidance also narrows the definition of outputs by more closely aligning it with how outputs are described in FASB guidance for revenue recognition. This guidance became effective on January 1, 2018 for interim and annual periods. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), with further clarification and improvements issued in ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, and ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements, which are collectively referred to as Topic 842. The new lease guidance in Topic 842 sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e. lessees and lessors). Topic 842 requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease effectively finances a purchase by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method (finance lease) or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease (operating lease). A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases. The new lease guidance supersedes the existing guidance on accounting for leases in Leases (Topic 840). The provisions of Topic 842 are effective for fiscal years, and interim reporting periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted.
We will adopt the new lease guidance on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. As a result of adopting Topic 842, we will implement new processes and accounting policies. We are currently finalizing our accounting policies and determining changes needed in current processes for lease accounting and verifying the completeness of our lease population.
We are in the process of evaluating our current lease portfolio. While the impact of adoption will depend on our lease portfolio as of the adoption date and our accounting policy elections, we expect to recognize right of use assets and liabilities for our operating leases in the consolidated balance sheet upon adoption.
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the full retrospective method. The adoption of ASC Topic 606 impacted the timing of recognition of revenue from unprocessed metal sales to toll customers.
Derivative Contracts
We maintain a risk-management strategy that uses commodity derivative contracts to minimize significant, unanticipated gains or losses arising from fluctuations in certain commodity prices.
We are also exposed to credit risk and market risk through our use of derivative contracts. Credit risk is the risk that the counterparty might fail to fulfill its performance obligations under the terms of the derivative contract. Market risk is the risk that the value of a derivative instrument might be adversely affected by a change in market prices and rates. We manage the market risk associated with derivative contracts by establishing and monitoring parameters that limit the types and degree of market risk that may be undertaken.
We use a cash flow hedge to minimize the variability in cash flows caused by fluctuations in market interest rates. This derivative, which is a designated cash flow hedge, is carried at fair value. The change in fair value is recorded to accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified to current earnings if hedge accounting cannot be applied because the hedge contract is not highly effective.
We manage credit risk associated with derivative contracts by executing derivative instruments with counterparties that we believe are credit-worthy. The amount of such credit risk is limited to the fair value of the derivative contract plus the unpaid portion of amounts due to us pursuant to terms of the derivative contracts, if any. If the credit-worthiness of these counterparties deteriorates, we believe the exposure is mitigated by provisions in the derivative arrangements which allow for the legal right of offset of amounts due to us from the counterparties, if any, with any amounts payable to the counterparties.